Although the women in India remained behind the scenes, they continued to play an influential role in the decision-making. Women used Phulkari as an art form. It became a traditional activity with strongly integrated social aspects. These Phulkari designs became an expression of the timeless joy experienced by mothers and grandmothers at the birth of a child in the family.
The ethos of Phulkari is based on love, prestige, devotion, and the power of transformation of a woman from maidenhood to marriage. Traditionally, Phulkari garments used to be a part of girls’ wedding trousseau. The motifs expressed her emotions, while the number of Phulkari pieces defined her family’s status.
Phulkari: Tracing Back To the Traditional Culture of Punjab
Phulkari, translating to ‘flower work,’ involves a unique style of embroidery that owns its root in the Punjab state of the Indian subcontinent. More than a handicraft, the unique embroidery style is tied to the region's history. Both the style and the area endured partition, industrial reforms, and economic and fashion trends changes.
The Phulkari sarees date back to when the shared cultural practices were standard, and women from all religions engaged in crafting and wearing these unique embroidered textiles. Like the handing down of the gold, the Phulkaris during the early 19th century signified a woman’s material wealth and became an essential part of her wardrobe.
Significance of Phulkari Sarees
Women wear the Phulkari sarees mostly during the wedding season, as these sarees are a go-to choice for most brides. Women, preferably the brides, choose the most vibrant colors, such as bright shades of red, orange, and blues. The artisans intricate these beautiful designs in sober colors, creating a simple yet stylish look. The designs are not limited only to the sarees but also Kurtis and dupattas.
The primary feature of Phulkari sarees is the use of various types of embroidery on the saree body. The technique creates different kinds of threadwork, whether horizontal, vertical, or diagonal. The method makes the sarees look incredible. The sarees and other fabrics depict a Punjabi woman’s regular and routine life.